Як лікувати синусит носа у дорослих – лікування, симптоми, профілактика . Як вилікувати синусит – препарат Ріномаріс

Як лікувати синусит носа у дорослих – лікування, симптоми, профілактика . Як вилікувати синусит – препарат Ріномаріс

Ріномаріс при синуситі

Синусит ndash; це гостре або хронічне запалення синусів (придаткових пазух носа), що розвивається на тлі бактеріальної або вірусної інфекції і призводить до порушень в роботі верхніх дихальних шляхів. Для полегшення симптомів гострого або хронічного синуситу можна використовувати назальний спрей Ріномаріс. Це препарат нового покоління, до складу якого входить ксилометазолин, що володіє судинозвужувальну ефектом, і вода Адріатичного моря. Під впливом Ріномаріса усувається набряк слизової оболонки носа, відновлюється прохідність соустий, і полегшується носове дихання, при цьому морська вода відновлює і захищає слизову оболонку.

Причини виникнення синуситу

Додаткові пазухи носа ndash; це повітроносні порожнини, розташовані в черепі і сполучені з порожниною носа допомогою соустий. При проникненні інфекції в повітроносні шляхи відбувається запалення, набряк слизової оболонки і скупчення всередині придаткових пазух запальної рідини. Якщо при синуситі набряк виражений, шляхи сполучення між порожниною носа і навколоносових пазух в області соустий перекриваються При цьому накопичилася всередині порожнини рідина, яка є однією з ознак гострого синуситу, неможливо видалити самостійно.

Найбільш поширеною формою синуситу є гайморит і рідше – фронтит. При запаленні гайморової пазухи (верхньощелепної синуса) йдеться про гаймориті, а при запаленні лобової додаткової пазухи діагностується фронтит.

Характерні особливості синуситу

Синусит у дорослих, так само як і у дітей, характеризується одночасним ураженням одного або декількох синусів (придаткових пазух), тоді як при риніті уражається тільки слизова оболонка носа. Синусит може протікати в гострій і хронічній формі. Гострий період синуситу (гаймориту) триває не більше трьох тижнів, тоді як хронічний процес може затягнутися на кілька місяців.

Діагностика синуситу

Найчастіше розвитку вимагає обов’язкового лікування синуситу передує затяжний нежить, який не припиняється протягом декількох тижнів. Поставити діагноз допомагає наявність виділень з носових ходів і поява постійного головного болю, що посилюється в ранкові години. Гострий синусит може супроводжуватися набряком повік, області щік і навіть верхньої щелепи. При встановленні діагнозу обов’язково з’ясовується інформація про те, чи проводилося раніше лікування синуситу лікарськими препаратами і немедикаментозними методами. У ході клінічного обстеження проводиться оцінка загального стану, виявляються місцеві і загальні симптоми, проводиться огляд і обмацування пазух носа. В якості інструментальних діагностичних методів зазвичай використовується дослідження порожнини носа за допомогою носових дзеркал, дослідження за допомогою ендоскопа, рентгенографія і просвічування вузьким пучком світла.

За допомогою рентгенографії визначається обсяг додаткової пазухи, вираженість і характер змін і поширеність запального процесу. Щоб отримати найбільш значущі діагностичні дані, призначається зондування або пункція носових пазух через носові ходи. Далі проводиться аналіз отриманого таким чином матеріалу.

Симптоми синуситу

У тому випадку, коли навіть при проведенні належного лікування риніту через 7 ndash; 10 днів не проходить закладеність носа і не настає довгоочікуване полегшення, можна запідозрити що починається запалення придаткових пазух. Для того щоб діагностувати серозний (тобто супроводжується накопиченням у порожнині невоспалительной рідини) або гнійний синусит (гайморит), слід підтвердити наявність таких симптомів, як:

    утруднене носове дихання; ослаблення або повну втрату нюху; затяжний нежить зі слизовими або слизово-гнійними виділеннями; дискомфорт і хворобливість в області запаленої пазухи; загострена чутливість, набряклість або біль у певної частини особи; часте відхаркування, рясне виділення мокроти вранці, сухість глотки; підвищення загальної температури до 38 градусів і вище (характерний симптом гострого запалення). У той же час хронічний синусит може протікати на тлі нормальної або незначно підвищеної температури; постійна слабкість, дратівливість, порушення сну, швидка стомлюваність, погіршення апетиту, ослаблення пам’яті і зниження концентрації уваги.

Виразність симптомів нерідко посилюється при нахилах вперед (що навіть отримало назву laquo; синдром зав’язування шнурків ). При наявності ознак, перерахованих вище, не слід зволікати з візитом до лікаря, так як вилікувати синусит в гострій формі набагато простіше, ніж в хронічній.

Лікування синуситу

При виявленні симптомів синуситу лікування повинно проводитися в комплексі. При цьому використовуються антибактеріальні і судинозвужувальні препарати, а також так звані нестероїдні протизапальні засоби (ліки призначаються суто індивідуально з урахуванням стадії, форми захворювання та особливостей збудника). Першочерговим завданням при лікуванні синуситу у дорослих і дітей є швидке відновлення порушеного повідомлення придаткових пазух з порожниною носа і очищення їх від накопиченої рідини.

Ріномаріс при лікуванні синуситу

Як лікувати синусит і що можна використовувати як сосудосуживающего кошти? Для цього фахівці рекомендують застосовувати Ріномаріс (сосудосуживающий назальний препарат для лікування синуситу нового покоління). За рахунок входить до його складу ксилометазоліну усувається набряк в області соустий, відновлюється їх прохідність і забезпечується вільний вихід з придаткових пазух носа слизу і гною. Завдяки комбінації солей та мікроелементів морської води стимулюється активність війок миготливого епітелію (які забезпечують виведення потрапили в дихальні шляхи сторонніх часток, бактерій і вірусів), підвищується місцевий імунітет, видаляються laquo; продукти запалення і нормалізується виділення залозами носовій слизу.

Профілактика гострого та хронічного синуситу

Очевидно, що запобігти розвитку захворювання набагато простіше, ніж займатися лікуванням хронічного синуситу. Тому з метою профілактики фахівці рекомендують регулярно промивати носові ходи морською водою. Входять до її складу мікроелементи розріджують слиз, зволожують і відновлюють слизову оболонку, а також покращують функцію миготливого епітелію.

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