Як лікувати отруєння харчового характеру?

Як лікувати отруєння харчового характеру?

Як лікувати отруєння харчового характеру?

Харчові отруєння можуть виникати в результаті вживання несвіжих або неякісних продуктів, продуктів, заражених хвороботворними мікроорганізмами або ж приготованих з порушенням санітарно-гігієнічних норм. Про те, як лікувати отруєння харчового характеру, розповість Країна Рад.

Перші ознаки харчового отруєння можуть проявитися вже через 2-3 години після вживання недоброякісної їжі: отруєння супроводжується нудотою, блювотою, рідким стільцем. Також частішає пульс, підвищується температура, з’являється загальна слабкість, блідість. Деякі випадки харчових отруєнь можуть характеризуватися навіть паралічем – якщо мова йде про отруєння отруйними грибами або ж ботулізмі (зараженні ботуліновой паличкою).

Своєчасне лікування харчових отруєнь допомагає поліпшити самопочуття і уникнути ускладнень. Лікувати отруєння потрібно, приступивши спочатку до промивання шлунку . Це необхідно для того, щоб якомога швидше вивести з організму токсини. Для промивання шлунка в домашніх умовах потрібно випити 1,5-2 л слабкого розчину перманганату калію (марганцівки) або харчової соди, а потім викликати блювоту (двома пальцями натиснути на корінь язика). Таку процедуру рекомендується провести мінімум двічі.

Далі лікувати отруєння слід прийомом сорбентів – препаратів, які «зв’язують» токсини і виводять їх з організму. Найбільш доступним сорбентом є активоване вугілля, його потрібно приймати з розрахунку 1 таблетку на 10 кг ваги.

В даний час при харчових отруєннях . а також при сильній алкогольної інтоксикації використовуються сучасні сорбенти, одним з яких є Білий вугілля . Препарат ефективно всмоктує токсини і виводить шлаки, але при цьому не виводить необхідні організму корисні речовини. Що особливо варто відзначити – це те, що Білий вугілля є «концентрованим» сорбентом і замість жмені звичного багатьом чорного вугілля можна випити всього 1-2 таблетки білого.

При харчових отруєннях організм сильно зневоднюється і слід при лікуванні отруєння обов’язково заповнювати втрати рідини . Для цього потрібно пити багато води, але найбільш ефективними є спеціальні регідратаціонних розчини (сольові). Наприклад, популярний в лікуванні отруєнь препарат Регідрон: 1 пакет препарату необхідно розчинити в 1 л води і приймати відповідно до інструкції на упаковці. Для відновлення нормальної кишкової мікрофлори організму при отруєнні слід прийняти такі препарати як Хілак форте, Лінекс, Біфіформ і т. Д.

Перелічених заходів зазвичай буває достатньо, щоб лікувати отруєння харчове в домашніх умовах, і вже через кілька годин після початку активного лікування отруєння має наступити поліпшення . Якщо ж цього не відбувається, якщо симптоми отруєння тільки посилюються, то потрібно обов’язково викликати лікаря.

У разі отруєння внаслідок вживання неякісних консервів (особливо м’ясних і рибних), до лікаря потрібно звернутися при перших же ознаках погіршення самопочуття. Справа в тому, що ці харчові отруєння дуже небезпечні і навіть можуть призводити до летального результату. Тоді від швидкості реагування залежить життя потерпілого.

Так, якщо в їжу були вжиті недоброякісні овочеві, грибні, м’ясні чи рибні консерви, то через 2-3 години можуть з’явитися перші ознаки отруєння ботулотоксином . може виникати параліч лицьових м’язів, параліч дихальної мускулатури, нудота, блювота. Якщо негайно не вжити заходів, може наступити задуха.

При найменших підозрах на ботулізм потрібно терміново викликати швидку і надати потерпілому першу допомогу. Слід негайно промити шлунок, приймати активоване вугілля кожні 15 хвилин, приймати сольові проносні і пити багато рідини. Важливо якомога раніше ввести хворому протівоботулініческой сироватку. Подальше лікування отруєння проводиться тільки в умовах лікарняного стаціонару.

Лікувати отруєння харчового характеру – справа для багатьох звичне, адже в побуті не раз доводиться стикатися з цим явищем. Але все ж краще не допускати отруєнь і дотримуватися кількох правил . всі продукти, що вживаються в їжу, повинні проходити ретельну обробку, а купувати продукти слід тільки в перевірених місцях. Важливо берегти себе і своє здоров’я, щоб харчові отруєння траплялися якомога рідше!

Увага! Країна Рад нагадує вам, що самолікування може бути небезпечним для вашого здоров’я . Обов’язково проконсультуйтеся з лікарем, перш ніж робити які-небудь заходи лікування отруєнь в домашніх умовах!

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