Лікування циститу у Дітей

Лікування циститу у Дітей

Лікування циститу у Дітей

Запалення сечового міхура, або цистит – це досить часто зустрічається захворювання у дітей, що виникає на тлі зараження бактеріальними інфекціями, що розвивається спільно з іншими хворобами сечостатевої системи. Причому дівчата страждають від цього захворювання в 5 разів більше хлопчиків, внаслідок природних особливостей їх організму.

Лікування циститу у дітей необхідно починати при перших ознаках захворювання. Дитина відчуває різкі болі в нижній частині живота, які значно посилюються при прискореному сечовипусканні. Малюк виявляє занепокоєння, при цьому підвищується температура тіла, відбувається помутніння сечі, можуть з’явитися ознаки нетримання сечі.

Основними збудниками захворювання вважаються різного виду стрептококи, стафілококи, хламідії, уреаплазма, кишкова паличка. Проникнення бактерій в сечовий міхур відбувається через сечовипускальний канал, який є джерелом зараження, носієм інфекцій. У грудному віці кількість хворих циститом хлопчиків і дівчаток практично однаково. Але досить часто страждають від циститу діти, які мають схильність до цієї хвороби. Спадковий фактор не є останнім при захворюванні дітей циститом.

Лікування циститу у дітей важливо починати негайно, практично відразу при появі підозр на захворювання. Для точної постановки діагнозу проводиться діагностика, яка включає в себе здачу загального аналізу сечі, аналізу крові, посіву сечі, проводиться ультразвукове обстеження сечового міхура, нирок. Досліджують біохімічний склад сечі для точного визначення кількості білка, нітритів, солей, інших складових сечі хворої дитини.

Лікуючий лікар обов’язково слід встановити причину виникнення захворювання для його успішного подальшого усунення. Цистит можуть спровокувати прийом деяких лікарських препаратів, використання невідповідних для дитячого організму гігієнічних засобів, різних гелів для ванни, хірургічні операції, присутність чужорідного тіла в сечовому міхурі дитини, травми. Лікування циститу у дітей проводиться при точному визначенні форми перебігу захворювання, виходячи з його ознак і симптомів. Цистит підрозділяється на гострий і хронічний.

Гострий цистит проявляється в надмірно швидкому початку захворювання. Спостерігається поверхневе запалення слизової оболонки сечового міхура. При правильній постановці діагнозу, грамотному лікуванні, одужання настає приблизно через 10 днів. Хронічний цистит характеризується повторенням частих епізодів гострого циститу. Таке захворювання досить часто виникає у дітей на тлі протікання інших хвороб, що посилюються циститом. Небезпека хронічного циститу, його лікування у дітей, полягає в слабкій вираженості основних симптомів циститу, які посилюються виключно в період загострення захворювання.

Лікування циститу у дітей передбачає дотримання спеціального лікувального режиму, дієтичного харчування, дотримання гігієнічних заходів впливу на статеві органи дитини, застосування медикаментозних лікарських препаратів спільно з використанням засобів народної медицини. Дітям, незалежно від віку, показаний постільний режим в перші три доби. Дуже сприятливий результат надають гігієнічні процедури, що складаються з прийому сидячих ванночок із застосуванням відварів шавлії або лікарської ромашки. На область сечового міхура можна накладати сухе тепло у вигляді розігрітій солі, вміщеній в тканинний мішечок. Температура солі не повинна перевищувати 38 °. Головна умова при лікуванні циститу у дітей – це гігієна.

При лікуванні дитини від циститу слід відмовитися від солоних, пряних, жирних, смажених продуктів харчування. Основні продукти, які в період лікування повинен вживати хворий малюк – це каші, молочні продукти, фрукти, овочі, нежирні сорти м’яса або риби. Можна давати дитині не газовану мінеральну воду.

Досить часто лікарі призначають дитині, хворій циститом, антибіотики, які можна приймати виключно за рекомендацією кваліфікованого дитячого лікаря-педіатра. Народні засоби, що допомагають при лікуванні даного захворювання – це відвари ромашки, пустирника, череди, валеріани, меліси. Використання таких засобів значно прискорюють процес одужання. Здоров’я вашим дітям!

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