Дитяча офтальмологія: короткозорість, дитячий зір і косоокість

Дитяча офтальмологія: короткозорість, дитячий зір і косоокість

Дитяча офтальмологія: короткозорість, дитячий зір і косоокість

Для повноцінного розвитку і росту дитини дуже важливим чинником єхороший зір. Адже більшу частину інформації про навколишній світ дитина отримує за допомогою зорового апарату, а в залежності від якості цієї інформації формується світогляд малюка, яке є основою всього його подальшого розвитку.

Причому зір у дітей в різні вікові періоди може змінюватися, враховуючи швидкість та інтенсивність росту, а так само підвищені зорові навантаження в школі.

Тому огляд у професійного офтальмолога повинен стати регулярною процедурою незалежно від наявності скарг на поганий зір у дитини. Адже багато захворювань зорового апарату (косоокість. Амблиопия. Короткозорість або далекозорість), у дитячому віці, коли зір ще остаточно не сформувалося, коригуються досить легко й ефективно.

Останнім часом кількість дітей мають як вроджені, так і придбані патології зорового апарату постійно зростає, зараз кожна друга дитина має ті чи інші відхилення зорової системи. Багато хто з даних відхилень у майбутньому можуть призвести до серйозних захворювань і навіть сліпоти.

Дуже часто успіх лікування залежить саме від того коли виявлено захворювання, якщо в 6-7 років проблеми із зором вирішити досить легко і питання про хірургічне втручання не стоїть взагалі, то після 14 років зорова система практично сформувалася і дуже важко піддається корекції.

Враховуючи темпи, з якими розвивається дитяча офтальмологія, багато проблем системи зору дитини легко діагностуються в самому ранньому віці і успішно виправляються із застосуванням новітнього обладнання та систем комп’ютерного лікування. Навіть процес оперативного втручання, при його необхідності проходить практично безболісно для дитини і не вимагає тривалого реабілітаційного періоду.

Виправлення дитячої короткозорості

Дитяча короткозорість – явище дуже поширене в сучасному житті, особливо після вступу дитини до школи. Адже з постійним зростанням складності та обсягу шкільних програм зростає і навантаження на зір школярів. Очі дитини, які постійно перебувають у напруженому стані, швидко втомлюються, а очні м’язи не можуть вчасно розслабитися і зняти напругу.

При перших скаргах дитини на погане розрізнення предметів на відстань слід негайно звернутися до лікаря.

Досвідчений офтальмолог зможе поставити правильний діагноз і визначити причину розвитку короткозорості.

Як правило, якщо розвиток даного захворювання пов’язане з надмірним напруженням очних м’язів, то достатньо просто відповідної зміцнює гімнастики і вправ на розслаблення, щоб зір відновився повністю.

Якщо причиною короткозорості стали більш серйозні аномалії зорової системи дитини, то лікар призначить відповідне терапевтичне, оптичне або контактна лікування за спеціальними методиками із застосуванням сучасних лікарських препаратів.

Весь комплекс лікування повинен проводитися під постійним контролем фахівця для своєчасного внесення змін до лікувальну програму, залежно від клінічної картини стану пацієнта.

Лікування дитячого косоокості

Враховуючи незміцніле і повністю несформовану зір в дитячому віці, косоокість у дітей цілком успішно лікується терапевтичними методами лікування, такими як:

1. Індійська корекція.

2. Застосування контактних лінз особливоїформи.

3. Комплекс лікувальних вправ.

Як правило, дитяча косоокість виправляється одним або декількома вище перерахованими методами досить легко і без хірургічного втручання, але якщо все-таки операція необхідна, то сучасне медичне обладнання дозволяє провести подібну процедуру з максимальним комфортом для маленького пацієнта, найбільш щадним способом. < /p>

Хоча оперативне втручання носить більше косметичний характер, адже воно не відновить об’ємний зір дитині, яке відсутній через косоокості. Тому після хірургічної операції дитині необхідний відповідний курс терапевтичних процедур, спрямований на відновлення бінокулярності зорової системи.

Лікування амбліопії у дітей

Якщо один або відразу обидва ока перестають приймати активну участь в процесі зору, розвивається амбліопія у дітей, або як вона ще називається хвороба «ледачого ока». Часто дане захворювання провокує наявність косоокості. Адже той око, яке косить, передає зорового аналізатора спотворену картину, і щоб захистити себе від двоїння мозок виключає некоректне зображення з процесу обробки. З часом зорова активність хворого очі слабшає, і він практично повністю випадає з процесу зору.

Боротися з даним захворюванням досить важко, адже навіть після відновлення злагодженої роботи обох очей, як правило, повністю відновити об’ємний зір не вдається.

У наш час у більшості офтальмологічних клінік лікування амбліопії у дітей проводиться за допомогою апарату нового покоління – «Амблікор», який досить ефективно бореться з даними недугою і допомагає повністю відновити повноцінне функціонування дитячої зорової системи.

Такий апарат працює за методом відео комп’ютерних автотренінгів, заснованих на умовно-рефлекторної технології, яка дозволяє центральній нервовій системі відновити повний контроль над роботою зорового аналізатора.

Після лікування за відповідною методикою мозок дитини завдяки своїй природній здатності коригувати спотворене зображення на сітківці ока відновлює його первісний вигляд.

Пам’ятайте, що рішення багатьох зорових проблем дитячого віку відбувається легко і безболісно, тому регулярний огляд у офтальмолога допоможе зберегти хороший зір вашої дитини на все життя.

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