ДЕРМАТИТ У ДІТЕЙ – дерматит у дітей до року, симптоми дерматиту, лікування дерматиту у дітей

ДЕРМАТИТ У ДІТЕЙ – дерматит у дітей до року, симптоми дерматиту, лікування дерматиту у дітей

Дерматит у дітей

Дерматит у дітей до року: симптоми, лікування дерматиту

Малюкові натерли повзунки, сопрела під підгузником попка – і… вже дерматит.

Шкіра (по латині dermis) – найбільший орган у людини, що становить одну шосту частину загальної ваги тіла. Цей орган виконує безліч важливих функцій: бар’єрну між зовнішнім середовищем і організмом людини, імунну, функцію терморегуляції. Тому так важливо, щоб шкіра дитини була здорова.

Контактний дерматит

Запалення шкіри від контакту з яким-небудь дратівливим речовиною називається контактним дерматитом (закінчення «іт» в медичній термінології означає наявність запального процесу). У дорослої людини роздратування викликають:

    тертя; тиск; температурні дії; контакт з кислотами і лугами; дотик до деяких рослин (кропива, ясенець, їдкий жовтець, молочай, борщівник).

У маленької дитини шкіра ніжніше і тонше, тому й запалення починається швидше, і асортимент подразнюючих речовин набагато ширше. Наприклад, шкіра може запалитися від контакту з власними виділеннями дитини (потом, калом, сечею), від контакту із засобами гігієни та косметикою (пральний порошок, крем, шампунь), від тертя (саме тому шви в дитячому одязі роблять плоскими або зовнішніми), від контакту шкіри з металевими предметами.

Контактний дерматит (якщо він не має алергічної природи), як правило, не вимагає спеціального лікування і проходить самостійно. Але може приєднатися вторинна бактеріальна інфекція, наприклад, стафілокок, яка ускладнює перебіг захворювання.

Симптоми дерматиту у дітей:

    Почервоніння Набряклість Сверблячка Печіння Відчуття спека в місці запалення.

Як запобігти появі контактного дерматиту у дітей до року?

    Дітям першого року життя потрібно уникати контакту з хлором. Воду, якою, купають дитину, слід кип’ятити або залишати у відкритих ємностях на ніч, щоб хлор випаровувався. Для цієї ж мети на водопровідний кран можна поставити фільтр. Для прання дитячого одягу використовуйте тільки дитяче мило або спеціальні дитячі порошки. Добре прополіскуйте одяг. Бажано, щоб вся дитячий одяг, яка безпосередньо контактує зі шкірою, була білого кольору (без барвників) і натуральна – 100% – ний льон або бавовна. Новий одяг перед першою носінням стирають з милом. Мило і шампунь (зрозуміло, з позначкою «дитячі») при купанні використовуйте не частіше (краще рідше) одного разу на тиждень. Поверхнево-активні речовини, що містяться в цих засобах гігієни, нейтралізують захисну жирову плівку, якою покрита шкіра. Основним критерієм вибору іграшок для дітей першого року життя повинні бути їх гігієнічні показники, в даному випадку – сертифікат якості. Відмовтеся від іграшок, куплених на ринку, а також від плюшевих іграшок. Ніколи не мийте підлогу, соски і брязкальця дитини хлорсодержащими засобами побутової хімії. Ретельно доглядайте за шкірою малюка, особливо в місцях її тісного контакту з підгузниками або одягом (пахвові западини, шия, пахові області). Користуйтеся одноразовими підгузками, міняйте їх кожні 4 години, не допускайте тривалого контакту шкіри з природними виділеннями. При дефекації підгузник змінюється за фактом його забруднення.

Лікування дерматиту у дітей

    Якщо ви бачите на тілі малюка потертості – обробляйте їх пом’якшуючими, зволожуючими, антисептичними засобами, – можна косметичними маслами (персиковим, мигдальним). Якщо запалення виражено не сильно, але на шкірі з’явилися мокнучі ділянки, їх обробляють підсушуючими засобами: цинкової бовтанку або дитячою присипкою. Якщо прояв запалення досить сильні, краще діють протизапальні, протисвербіжну, мазі. Вони покращують обмін речовин шкіри і знімають запальні процеси. Якщо дерматит має алергічне походження, шкіру обробляють антигістамінними кремами. Для прийому всередину також призначають антигістамінні засоби, сорбенти та препарати кальцію, різні заспокійливі збори трав (валеріана, півонія, та ін.), Пробіотики. Що саме необхідно вашій дитині, підкаже лікуючий лікар. Якщо процес носить поширений характер, приєдналася грибкова та бактеріальна інфекція, і шкіра глибоко вражена – десятиденним курсом призначають місцеві гормональні мазі з кортикостероїдами. Часто на додаток до них призначають протигрибкові і протибактерійні компоненти. Якщо у вас нічого ками немає, то як тимчасовий захід можна використовувати деякі методи народної медицини. Найчастіше застосовують компреси з сирої картоплі. Сиру картоплю: почистити, натерти на тертці. Для однієї процедури необхідно близько 100 г картоплі. Потім кашку накладають на уражене місце, фіксують пов’язкою. Тривалість процедури – 2 години. При будь-яких проявах дерматиту дуже корисні повітряні ванни. Їх застосовують з місячного віку дитини, починаючи з 2-3 хвилин і поступово збільшуючи час до 10-12 хвилин.

Повітряні ванни можна проводити при зміні підгузників, до або після годування, перед купанням. Початкова температура повітря в кімнаті – 22 градуси. Поступово дитина звикає до більш прохолодного повітря: 18-19 С. Повітряні ванни сприяють загартовуванню малюка і підтримують шкіру в гарному стані.

70 Comments

  1. Pingback: sen kaşındın amcık

  2. Pingback: GVK Biosciences

  3. page

    I simply want to mention I’m all new to blogging and site-building and really enjoyed your blog site. Very likely I’m going to bookmark your blog . You definitely come with terrific article content. Appreciate it for revealing your web site.

  4. Pingback: the best thai massage in bangkok that is awesome

  5. John Deere Service Manuals

    Vos paragraphe : bon quelques bons propos de dйsaccord mais je remets en question de la vйracitй des chiffres supputйs ci dessus dans ce premier йtude

  6. Tractor Workshop Manuals

    of course we need to know our family history so that we can share it to our kids’

  7. Pingback: the hidden wiki link

  8. Bethann Dollyhigh

    I’m looking to start a food blog and i would like for my friends to be able to log on and comment through their facebook accounts so they don’t need to make an account on the chosen blogging site to comment. What are some FREE blogging sites that allow you to use your facebook to comment?.

  9. Tractor Workshop Manuals

    I simply learned all about your internet site the other day and i also are already studying this frequently. You use a ton of practical information on the site and that i benefit from the particular style of the web page additionally. Keep up the good work!

  10. Travel & Leisure

    Wow, awesome weblog structure! How long have you been blogging for? you made running a blog glance easy. The total glance of your web site is magnificent, let alone the content material!

  11. Education

    Hiya, I’m really glad I have found this information. Today bloggers publish only about gossips and net and this is actually annoying. A good blog with exciting content, that’s what I need. Thank you for keeping this site, I will be visiting it. Do you do newsletters? Can not find it.

  12. Sport

    Wow, amazing weblog format! How long have you ever been blogging for? you made blogging look easy. The entire look of your web site is wonderful, as well as the content!

  13. Laurette Lancey

    can any post on a personal blog (with disclaimer that it is his personal view) be used by any brand for filing a case against an individual for ‘brand tarnishing’ etc?.

  14. cheap air

    wonderful post, very informative. I ponder why the other experts of this sector do not understand this. You must proceed your writing. I’m confident, you have a great readers’ base already!

  15. starting a business

    Hello There. I found your blog using msn. This is a really well written article. I will make sure to bookmark it and return to read more of your useful information. Thanks for the post. I’ll certainly return.

  16. online games

    I am extremely impressed with your writing skills and also with the layout on your weblog. Is this a paid theme or did you modify it yourself? Either way keep up the excellent quality writing, it is rare to see a nice blog like this one nowadays..

  17. Health & Fitness

    I think this is among the most significant info for me. And i am glad reading your article. But should remark on some general things, The web site style is wonderful, the articles is really great : D. Good job, cheers

  18. Pingback: lifestyle homme

  19. small business ideas

    Good write-up, I¡¦m regular visitor of one¡¦s website, maintain up the nice operate, and It’s going to be a regular visitor for a lengthy time.

  20. men clothes

    Attractive section of content. I just stumbled upon your blog and in accession capital to assert that I get actually enjoyed account your blog posts. Anyway I’ll be subscribing to your feeds and even I achievement you access consistently rapidly.

  21. Home & Improvement

    You actually make it seem really easy together with your presentation however I find this matter to be actually something which I believe I might never understand. It kind of feels too complicated and very vast for me. I’m taking a look forward in your subsequent submit, I¡¦ll try to get the hang of it!

  22. find love

    I have been reading out a few of your articles and i must say nice stuff. I will definitely bookmark your blog.

  23. Health & Fitness

    You could definitely see your expertise in the paintings you write. The sector hopes for more passionate writers like you who aren’t afraid to say how they believe. All the time go after your heart.

  24. Fashion

    Great ¡V I should certainly pronounce, impressed with your site. I had no trouble navigating through all tabs as well as related information ended up being truly easy to do to access. I recently found what I hoped for before you know it at all. Reasonably unusual. Is likely to appreciate it for those who add forums or something, site theme . a tones way for your client to communicate. Excellent task..

  25. applied art

    I think other web site proprietors should take this web site as an model, very clean and excellent user friendly style and design, as well as the content. You’re an expert in this topic!

  26. advantages of art

    You are a very smart individual!

  27. Business Research

    Heya i am for the first time here. I came across this board and I find It really useful & it helped me out much. I hope to give something back and help others like you helped me.

  28. education degree

    Hi there, I discovered your website by way of Google whilst searching for a comparable matter, your site got here up, it appears good. I’ve bookmarked it in my google bookmarks.

  29. Travel

    Thank you for another informative blog. Where else may I am getting that type of information written in such an ideal manner? I’ve a challenge that I am just now running on, and I have been on the glance out for such info.

  30. Business

    I appreciate, lead to I found just what I used to be having a look for. You’ve ended my four day long hunt! God Bless you man. Have a great day. Bye

  31. constitutional law

    Its like you read my mind! You seem to know so much about this, like you wrote the book in it or something. I think that you can do with some pics to drive the message home a bit, but other than that, this is wonderful blog. An excellent read. I’ll definitely be back.

  32. Home Improvement

    Some genuinely prime content on this website , bookmarked .

  33. notebook article

    Unquestionably believe that which you said. Your favorite reason appeared to be on the web the simplest thing to be aware of. I say to you, I definitely get annoyed while people think about worries that they just don’t know about. You managed to hit the nail upon the top as well as defined out the whole thing without having side effect , people can take a signal. Will likely be back to get more. Thanks

  34. importance of education

    This is very interesting, You’re a very skilled blogger. I have joined your feed and look forward to seeking more of your excellent post. Also, I’ve shared your website in my social networks!

  35. higher education

    Excellent read, I just passed this onto a friend who was doing a little research on that. And he actually bought me lunch since I found it for him smile So let me rephrase that: Thanks for lunch!

  36. kitchen design ideas

    Hello there, just became alert to your blog through Google, and found that it is truly informative. I’m gonna watch out for brussels. I will appreciate if you continue this in future. Numerous people will be benefited from your writing. Cheers!

  37. LA Real Estate

    My wife and i have been excited that Albert managed to round up his research through your precious recommendations he made through your site. It’s not at all simplistic to just continually be giving away information that many other people might have been making money from. We really figure out we now have you to give thanks to because of that. The specific explanations you made, the easy site menu, the friendships you can make it possible to promote – it is many superb, and it’s leading our son and our family reason why this topic is amusing, which is very fundamental. Thank you for everything!

  38. Business

    Excellent web site. Lots of helpful information here. I¡¦m sending it to a few pals ans also sharing in delicious. And naturally, thanks on your sweat!

  39. computer programming

    There is noticeably a bunch to realize about this. I feel you made some nice points in features also.

  40. Health

    I really like your writing style, great info, thank you for putting up :D. “All words are pegs to hang ideas on.” by Henry Ward Beecher.

  41. piercing

    I have not checked in here for some time since I thought it was getting boring, but the last few posts are great quality so I guess I will add you back to my everyday bloglist. You deserve it my friend 🙂

  42. recent technology articles 2015

    I keep listening to the news talk about receiving free online grant applications so I have been looking around for the top site to get one. Could you tell me please, where could i acquire some?

  43. Computer & Technology

    I’ve been browsing online more than three hours today, yet I never found any interesting article like yours. It is pretty worth enough for me. In my view, if all site owners and bloggers made good content as you did, the web will be much more useful than ever before.

  44. Computer & Technology

    Keep functioning ,terrific job!

  45. Computer & Technology

    You made some good points there. I did a search on the subject and found most individuals will agree with your blog.

  46. Computer & Technology

    I’m still learning from you, as I’m trying to achieve my goals. I absolutely liked reading all that is written on your blog.Keep the posts coming. I enjoyed it!

  47. Computer & Technology

    I am continuously looking online for tips that can benefit me. Thx!

  48. Computer & Technology

    Great awesome things here. I am very glad to see your article. Thanks so much and i’m looking forward to touch you. Will you please drop me a e-mail?

  49. Health

    I got what you intend, thankyou for putting up.Woh I am lucky to find this website through google. “I would rather be a coward than brave because people hurt you when you are brave.” by E. M. Forster.

  50. internet protocol

    Fantastic website. Plenty of useful info here. I am sending it to a few buddies ans also sharing in delicious. And of course, thank you in your sweat!

  51. top automotive companies

    Great beat ! I wish to apprentice while you amend your web site, how could i subscribe for a blog site? The account aided me a acceptable deal. I had been a little bit acquainted of this your broadcast provided bright clear concept

  52. flight

    I have been absent for a while, but now I remember why I used to love this site. Thank you, I¡¦ll try and check back more often. How frequently you update your site?

  53. Computer & Technology

    Hey There. I found your blog using msn. This is a really well written article. I’ll make sure to bookmark it and come back to read more of your useful information. Thanks for the post. I will certainly return.

  54. Computer & Technology

    I like what you guys are up also. Such clever work and reporting! Carry on the excellent works guys I have incorporated you guys to my blogroll. I think it will improve the value of my website 🙂

  55. Computer & Technology

    Hi, Neat post. There is a problem with your site in web explorer, might test this¡K IE still is the marketplace leader and a large part of folks will leave out your great writing due to this problem.

  56. Pets

    Very interesting details you have mentioned , thankyou for putting up. “I don’t know what you could say about a day in which you have seen four beautiful sunsets.” by John Glenn.

  57. cat toys

    It’s perfect time to make some plans for the future and it’s time to be happy. I’ve read this post and if I could I wish to suggest you some interesting things or tips. Perhaps you could write next articles referring to this article. I want to read more things about it!

  58. business intelligence

    It is appropriate time to make some plans for the future and it is time to be happy. I have read this post and if I could I wish to suggest you few interesting things or tips. Perhaps you could write next articles referring to this article. I wish to read more things about it!

  59. applied art

    Nice post. I was checking continuously this blog and I’m impressed! Very helpful information specifically the last part 🙂 I care for such info much. I was seeking this certain information for a very long time. Thank you and best of luck.

  60. mental health

    Of course, what a fantastic site and enlightening posts, I definitely will bookmark your website.All the Best!

  61. Mediterranean Diet

    I precisely wished to say thanks all over again. I do not know what I would’ve handled without the strategies shown by you on that topic. It previously was the depressing scenario for me, nevertheless encountering this expert approach you resolved it made me to cry for gladness. I am thankful for this advice and even hope that you comprehend what a great job that you’re doing educating many people via your websites. I am sure you have never encountered all of us.

  62. airline flights

    I definitely wanted to send a comment so as to appreciate you for all the awesome steps you are giving on this site. My time-consuming internet research has now been honored with professional content to exchange with my family. I ‘d admit that most of us website visitors actually are unquestionably fortunate to exist in a great place with so many lovely individuals with useful concepts. I feel very much grateful to have encountered the webpage and look forward to some more exciting minutes reading here. Thank you again for a lot of things.

  63. home improvement decor

    Thanks for the sensible critique. Me and my neighbor were just preparing to do some research on this. We got a grab a book from our local library but I think I learned more clear from this post. I’m very glad to see such magnificent info being shared freely out there.

  64. Pets

    It’s truly a great and helpful piece of information. I am happy that you just shared this helpful info with us. Please keep us informed like this. Thank you for sharing.

  65. Car & Automotive

    Hey, you used to write wonderful, but the last few posts have been kinda boring¡K I miss your super writings. Past few posts are just a little out of track! come on!

  66. Car & Automotive

    Hello there, just became alert to your blog through Google, and found that it’s truly informative. I am going to watch out for brussels. I will appreciate if you continue this in future. Numerous people will be benefited from your writing. Cheers!

  67. Car & Automotive

    hello there and thank you for your info – I’ve certainly picked up something new from right here. I did however expertise a few technical issues using this website, as I experienced to reload the site a lot of times previous to I could get it to load properly. I had been wondering if your web host is OK? Not that I’m complaining, but slow loading instances times will sometimes affect your placement in google and can damage your high-quality score if ads and marketing with Adwords. Well I’m adding this RSS to my email and could look out for much more of your respective exciting content. Make sure you update this again very soon..

  68. Car & Automotive

    I¡¦ve read a few good stuff here. Certainly value bookmarking for revisiting. I surprise how so much attempt you put to create this sort of fantastic informative web site.

  69. Car & Automotive

    As I web site possessor I believe the content material here is rattling great , appreciate it for your efforts. You should keep it up forever! Good Luck.

  70. Pets

    I’ve learn some excellent stuff here. Definitely price bookmarking for revisiting. I wonder how much effort you set to make such a fantastic informative website.

Leave a Comment

Ваша e-mail адреса не оприлюднюватиметься.

0.52MB/0.00020 sec